O. BM EA 65956
Other nos.: O. Nash 02; HO 47, 1
  
Description: Limestone, measurements not given in publications (see Remarks). Black ink, obverse 18 lines, reverse 19 lines, top obverse = top reverse. Corrections by scribe in obv. 7, 18 and rev. 7. Damaged; beginnings of obv. 1-3, 12-14, 17, rev. 1, 2, 15-19 lost; ends of obv. 1, 2, 15-18, rev. 1, 2, 5, 13-19 lost.
Classification: protocol : deposition - list - oath - report : name
Keywords: complaint - copper - donkey - gang - house - hut - inspection - metalwork - oath - payment - Place of Pharaoh - theft - tools - Valley of Kings - war - onb.t
Provenance: Acquired by the British Museum in 1959 from Spink & Son, G.D. Nash collection.
Publication: Černý, Gardiner, Hieratic Ostraca , 14, pls. XLVII and XLVIIA, no. 1 (description, transcription, facsimile); Allam, Hieratische Ostraka und Papyri , 217-219, no. 218 (translation, commentary); Collier, Dating Late XIXth Dynasty Ostraca , 43-44, 160 (description, commentary); Demarée, Ramesside Ostraca , 43 and 44, pls. 198 and 199 (description, transcription, photographs); Guilmot, in: Acta Orientalia Belgica , 1966, 67-78 (description, translation, commentary); Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions IV, 317-320 (transcription); McDowell, Village Life in Ancient Egypt , 188-190, no. 145 (translation, commentary) ; Polis, in: Ramesside Studies , 393 (transliteration and translation of obv. 11-14)
Dates mentioned: -
Dates attributed: End Dyn. 19 (Allam, Guilmot); Seti II (Kitchen); Siptah (Demarée); see Remarks; year 6 Seti II (Collier)
Contents: The workman Nb-nfr accuses his colleague 1y of having stolen 3 spikes belonging to Pharaoh. Two other workmen, who are said by Nb-nfr to have been witnesses to this deed, are brought into court; they swear that they have seen two spikes in the hut of 1y but they do not know anything more about the matter. Nb-nfr takes an oath saying that the spikes in question belong to Pharaoh, and also that 1y has ordered a cauldron to be made from stolen copper, and traded it for two donkeys. However, 1y himself takes an oath saying that the spikes in his possession are his own property. A list of court members follows. See Remarks.
Terminology: anx n nb anx wDA snb Dd.n NN (or Dd.t.n NN ? rev. 12); anx n nb anx wDA snb Dd n=f NN (rev. 4); anx n nb anx wDA snb Dd.n=sn (or Dd.t.n=sn ? obv. 11); wAH Imn wAH pA HoA anx wDA snb (obv. 11, rev. 4, 12-13); m bAH NN (obv. 8-9); m bAH tA onb.t (obv. ~10-11#); m Dd (obv. ~2#); r Dd (rev. 7, 14); hrw pn n spr ir.n NN r tA onb.t (obv. ~1-2#); smi (obv. 2); onb.t hrw pn (rev. ~16# - written onb.t hrw n pn ?); Dd.t.n NN (obv. 7, rev. [1], 3); Dd.t.n=sn (obv. 15?)
Names/Titles: an. (Pr-aA anx wDA snb ; king; obv. 4, 5, 6 - place of, 8, 12, ~13#, 15, rev. ~2#, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, ~13#); an. (pA HoA anx wDA snb ; obv. 11, rev. 4, 12-13); Ipy (sAw.t.y ; rev. ~18# - or Ipwy ?); Imn (deity; obv 11, rev. 4, rev. 12); PA-nb (aA n is.t ; rev. 16); PA-sr (sS ; rev. ~17#); Pn-6A-wr.t (sS ; obv. 5, rev. ~1#, 17); MnTw-ms (Hr.y-mDAy ; rev. ~17-18#); Nb-nfr sA Nx (rmT-is.t ; obv. ~1#, 7 - only Nb-nfr , rev. ~1#, 3, 4 - only Nb-nfr ); 1Ay (aA n is.t ; rev. ~16#); 1y sA 1y-nfr (rmT-is.t ; obv. 2, ~3#, 6 - only 1y , 16, rev. 2, 6, 12); 1y sA 2a (rmT-is.t ; obv. 8-9, 10); 1y-nfr (it of 1y ; rev. ~15#); 2Am (TAy-mDA.t ; obv. 9, 10); 4x.t (geo.; obv. 4, ~14#)
Remarks: Description: ostracon measures appr. 26 x 13.5 cm if drawn to scale in Černý, Gardiner, Hieratic Ostraca , pls. XLVII and XLVIIA. Same hand as O. BM EA 65930 according to Černý-Gardiner, Demarée. Dates attributed: date lost, but possibly regnal year 6 of Seti II: see Donker van Heel, Haring, Writing in a Workmen's Village , 170, note 175. Contents: probably same case in O. Cairo JE 72465; see there.

Record last updated 2011-06-14


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