O. Cairo CG 25581
Other nos.: O. Cairo JE 96033; O. Cairo SR 01163; O. Cairo Carnarvon 212
  
Description: Limestone, 14 x 24.5 cms. Complete (four pieces). Two sides. Obverse: 5 lines; reverse: 6 lines. Black ink. Top obverse = top reverse.
Classification: account (obv.) / account - list (rev.)
Keywords: gang - Necropolis - Place of Pharaoh - tomb (royal) - tools - village - smd.t
Provenance: Valley of Kings; Carnarvon/Carter excavations 1917-1918; mark: 212 (valley between KV 7 Ramesses II and KV 9 Ramesses VI); see Reeves, Valley of the Kings , 325.
Publication: Černý, Ostraca Caire , 29 (description), 52* (transcription), pl. XLII (photograph); Davies, Egyptian Historical Inscriptions , 245-248; Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions IV, 151-152 (transcription); McDowell, Village Life in Ancient Egypt , 228-229 no. 179 (translation); Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka , 48 (translation)
Dates mentioned: rnp.t-sp 2 II Ax.t sw 30 (obv. 2)
Dates attributed: S econd half dyn. 19 (Černý) ; Merenptah (Kitchen) ; year 2 Ramesses II (Helck)
Contents: Account of work done in the royal tomb (obv.). List of craftsmen (by title only) to be brought to the village in order to prepare (?) 'the great place of Pharaoh life prosperity health' (rev. 6): draughtsmen, stonemasons, quarrymen(?), coppersmiths, sandalmakers, members of the gang, smd.t , ... TAy , AT.w , guardians, 1r-war (?). See Remarks.
Terminology: iry.t im=f m bAk.w (obv. 4; in (obv. 3-4): nty iw=tw iry.t im=f m bAk.w (?)); nty iw=tw in.t=w m rmT-is.t Hmw.w r tA wH.t n pA 2r (rev. 1); rx.t bAk.w iry m tA s.t aA.t n Pr-aA anx wDA snb (obv. 1)
Names/Titles: an. ( rmT-is.t ; rev. 1); an. ( Hmw.w ; rev. 1); an. ( sS-od s 2; rev. 2); an. ( TAy-mDA.t s 2; rev. 2); an. ( owr s 2; rev. 2 - written oi (?) - see Remarks ); an. ( Hmw.w-xA (?) s 2; rev. 2); an. ( Hmt.y.w st nA xnr.w n tA is.t Pr-aA anx wDA snb s 2; rev. 3); an. ( Hmw.w tw.t s 2; rev. 3-4); an. ( rmT-is.t smd.t s 10 ( ? ) ; rev. 4); an. ( ... TAy s 1; rev. 4); an. ( AT.w s 2; rev. 5); an. ( sAw s 2; rev. 5); an. ( 1r-war s 2(?); rev. 5 - see Remarks )
Remarks: This text was written by Qenhirkhopshef; see Donker van Heel, Haring, Writing in a Workmen's Village , 41-48. Content, Names, Titles: read owr "quarryman" in rev. 2? Cf. McDowell, Village Life in Ancient Egypt , 22 9 : "plasterers" (i.e. oD ). For 1r-war (?), see Fischer-Elfert, GM 92 (1986), 29-32; cf. McDowell, Village Life in Ancient Egypt , 22 9 : " war -Hor".

Record last updated 2010-09-17


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