P. Turin Cat. 1881 + P. Turin Cat. 2080 + P. Turin Cat. 2092
Other nos.: P. Turin Pleyte-Rossi pl. 002-010; P. Turin B; see Remarks
  
Description: Medium to dark brown papyrus, ca. 20.5 x 125 cm as presently mounted, sheet joins at ca. 3 cm, 25.5 cm, 50.5 cm, 74 cm, 101 cm and 123.5 cm from right edge of recto. Black and red ink. Recto (H/V) 9 columns with margins above and below: col. I 13 lines, col. II 12 lines, col. III 13 lines, col. IV 13 lines, col. V 12 lines, col VI 10 lines, col. VII 3 lines, col. VIII 12 lines, col. IX 10 lines, traces of a lost column to the left of recto VIII; line numbered 2a in the margin above recto I-III; recto IV 1 is actually a short line in the margin above col. IV; recto VIII and IX upside down with respect to I-VII, with VIII towards the edge of the papyrus and IX under VII. Verso (V/H) 7 columns: old (literary) col. I 10 lines; lines 1-7 partly erased in order to create space for new (non-literary) col. I with 8 lines; col. II 11 lines, col. III 10 lines, col. IV beginnings of 8 lines, col. V 14 lines, col. VI 14 lines, col. VII 14 lines, traces of one lost column to the right of verso I; "col. IIa" is one long line in margin above cols. I and II; "col. IIIa" is one long line written upside down in margin below cols. I-III. Palimpsest; verso I-IV are remains of a longer (literary) text partly erased in order to accomodate (non-literary) verso I and V-VII. Top recto = top verso. Damaged (fragmentary); at least one column lost at end of recto and beginning of verso (traces); beginnings of all lines of recto I lost.
Classification: account - journal - protocol : deficit - delivery - event - payment - portion - transfer
Keywords: beer - birds - bread - bronze - cakes - copper - curd - dates(?) - donkey - door - fat - firewood - fish - flowers - fruit - gang - gold - grain rations - granary - honey - leather - meat - metalwork - Necropolis - offering - oil - paint - palm leaves - papyrus - payment - plants - pottery - reward - side (of gang) - silver - temple - textile - tomb (private) - vegetables - vessel - wax - wood - woodwork - yarn - Hnk.y.t - onb.t - dHty
Provenance: Presumably acquired by the government of Piedmont for the Turin museum from Bernardino Drovetti in 1823 (see e.g. S. Curto, Storia del Museo Egizio di Torino , 2nd ed., Turin 1976, 45).
Publication: Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions VI, 609-619 (transcription); Allam, Hieratische Ostraka und Papyri , 313-317, no. 277, pls. 108-110 (translation, commentary, transcription and photograph of recto VIII and IX); R.A. Caminos, Late-Egyptian Miscellanies (Brown Egyptological Studies 1), London 1954, 465-474 (translation of verso I-IV); A.H. Gardiner, Late-Egyptian Miscellanies (Bibliotheca Aegyptiaca VII), Brussels 1937, xx, 125-128, no. XIII (description; transcription of verso I-IV); Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka , 483-490, 492 (translation recto I, II a, 1-12, III 1-13, IV 1-13, V 1-12, VI 1-10, VII 1-3, VIII 1-12, IX 1-10, verso I 1-8, II a, III a, b, V 1-14, VI 1-2, 5-14, VII 1-14); Helck, Materialien III, (500) and (501) (translation of recto VIII and IX, commentary); Janssen, Donkeys at Deir el-Medina , 42-43 (summary of contents of col. VIII and IX, commentary); B. Menu, CRIPEL 1 (1973), 85-89, no. 6 (transliteration, translation and commentary of rt. IX 1-10 - now also in: B. Menu, Recherches sur l'histoire juridique, economique et sociale de 'ancienne Egypte , Versailles 1982, 241-245, no. 6); Pleyte-Rossi, Papyrus de Turin , 9-21, pls. II (B), III-X (facsimile of recto III-IX and verso I-V, commentary; see Remarks); A. Roccati, in: A.M. Donadoni Roveri, Dal museo al museo. Passato e futuro del Museo Egizio di Torino (Archivi di archeologia), Turin 1989, 127 and 128 (description; photographs of recto I-III [no. 15] and verso V-VII [no. 14])
Dates mentioned: rnp.t-sp 7 I pr.t sw 21 (recto II 1); rnp.t-sp 6 I Smw sw 29 (recto II 3; collated); rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 8 (less likely: rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 6; recto II 4; collated); rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 24 (less likely: rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 2 1; recto II 7; collated); rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 24 or rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 2 1? recto II 9; collated); rnp.t-sp 7 I pr.t sw 20 (recto II 11); rnp.t-sp 7 I [...] sw 10 + x (recto IIa); rnp.t-sp 7 II pr.t sw 3 0 (recto IV 2; collated; Kitchen: rnp.t-sp 7 II pr.t sw 7); IV pr.t sw 23 (recto IV 6); rnp.t-sp 7 I Ax.t sw 8 (recto IV 7); rnp.t-sp 8 III Ax.t sw 29 xr Hm n nswt-bity nb-tA.wy Nfr-kA-Ra 4tp.n-Ra anx wDA snb (recto V ~4#) ; rnp.t-sp 8 IV Ax.t sw 9 (recto V 11); rnp.t-sp 8 IV Ax.t sw 3 (recto VII 1); rnp.t-sp 8 IV Ax.t sw 5 (recto VII 3); rnp.t-sp 7 I pr.t sw 14 (recto VIII 1); rnp.t-sp 5 I pr.t sw 30 (recto IX 1); rnp.t-sp 5 (recto IX 3); rnp.t-sp 6 (recto IX 4); rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 10 (recto IX 6); rnp.t-sp 7 II Smw sw 3 + x (recto IX 9); rnp.t-sp 8 II pr.t sw 3 (verso I 1); rnp.t-sp 17 IV Ax.t sw 6 (verso IIIa; collated); rnp.t-sp 7 IV Ax.t sw 29 (verso V 1); I pr.t sw 10 (verso V 3); rnp.t-sp 7 I pr.t sw 23 (verso V 5); I pr.t sw 26 (verso V 7); I pr.t sw 29 (verso V 10); rnp.t-sp 7 II pr.t sw 2 (verso VI 1); rnp.t-sp 7 III pr.t sw 18 (verso VI 5); rnp.t-sp 7 III pr.t sw 23 (verso VI 11); rnp.t-sp 7 IV pr.t sw 10 (verso VI 14); rnp.t-sp 7 I
Dates attributed: Dyn. 20, year 6 Ramesses IX, year 7 Ramesses IX, year 8 Ramesses IX and year 17 Ramesses IX (Gardiner, Helck, Kitchen); see Remarks
Contents: Recto I-VII: deliveries to the gang on a number of dates in regnal years 6-8 by a scribe of the mat, scribes of the vizier, a royal butler, temple scribes and deputies. The supplies (regular rations as well as rewards) come from royal storerooms and various temples, and they include different kinds of food, clothing, copper, silver, gold, oil and papyrus. Recto VIII-IX: the draughtsman Pn-6A-wr.t receives a she-donkey and its foal from the deputy 1r of the temple of Ramesses III, apparently as a payment for a loan of grain made two years before. Thereafter the animals are claimed by temple attendants as belonging to the sm -priest; Pn-6A-wr.t buys two donkeys which are handed over to the attendants. Verso I: deliveries of clothing, oil, wax, lead and copper. Verso I-IV: literary. Verso IIa and IIIa: deliveries of fowl and wood (IIIa dated to regnal year 17). Verso V-VII: deliveries of pottery, fruit, plants, firewood, fish, vegetables and flowers.
Terminology: iw (recto I 11; V 2, 2; verso I 7); in NN (recto III 1 - see Remarks; IV 3); ir n (recto IIa - four times; II 6, III 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13; IV 5, 5, 12, 13; VI 10; VIII 8, 9; verso I 3); idn (recto IIa? collated; more space between idn (?) and ir n ); a n NN (verso IIa?); a NN (recto II 10; verso I 8); wa nb (recto III 7; IV 11, 12, 13); wp st (recto VII 2); wnmy (recto IV 11; VII 2); wnmy smHy (verso VII 2 - written sHmy , 12 - written sHmy ; 14 - written sHmy ); wHm (verso IIIa; VII 7, 11); wHm wnmy smHy (verso VII 6 - written sHmy ); wHm m Dr.t=f (verso V 3); wHm sp (verso V 4); wDA.t (recto I 6; II 6, 10; VIII 9; verso I 8); wDA.t=f (recto I 11; V 2, 2, 3 - or wDA.t ; collated); pA ao Hs.w.t di Pr-aA anx wDA snb nA rmT pA 2r (recto V 1); m hrw pn m Dr.t NN (verso VI 9; written m hrw n ); m hrw pn Ssp m Dr.t NN (recto V 5; written m hrw n pn ); m Dr.t NN (recto I ~7#; IV 6; VII 3; IX ~2#; verso VI 7; VII 5); mn (recto VIII 9); nty a n NN (recto IV 1; VI 8); r a NN (verso IIIb - collated; Kitchen: r n NN ); r mH Y (recto VIII 10); r n NN (verso IIa - or r a NN ?); r rdi.t rx=k nA xt.w aS.y m Dr.t Hwty.w (verso IIIa); r rdi.t rx=tw pA HD i.di=i n NN r DbA=s (recto VIII 7-8); rdy.t n=f m Dr.t NN (recto IX 2); hrw pn (recto VIII 1; IX 1); hrw pn m Dr.t NN (verso VII 8 - written hrw n pn ); hrw pn Ssp m Dr.t NN (recto II 1, 11-12; IV 2; VII 1; verso VI 14-15 - written hrw n pn ); hrw n iny.t m Dr.t NN (recto II 3); hrw n Ssp m Dr.t NN (recto II 4-5, 7, 9; IV 7-8; V 11; verso V 1, 5 - written hrw n m Dr.t NN, 10; VI 1, 5-6 - written hrw n Ssp NN, 11-12); smHy (recto IV 12 - written Hsmy ; VII 2 - written msHy ); Ssp pA Hbs nA rmT pA 2r in NN m Dr.t NN (verso I 1-2); Ssp m Dr.t NN (recto I ~10#; II 11-12; IV, 2; VII 1; verso IIa; V 7; VII 1, 3, 10); Ssp m Dr.t NN in NN (recto II 1 - III 1; see Remarks); Ssp HD m Dr.t NN r pA di.w pA 2r (recto IIa; collated); tA ri.t wnmy (verso IIIa; VI 13); dmD (III 4, 13; IV 4? 5, 10, 12, 13; VIII 9); dmD Hbs (recto I 2; verso I 5); dmD Hbs Sbn (recto I 2, 12); dmD Hmt (recto VI 9); dmD xt (verso V 14); dmD Dr=f (recto IV 13) INCOMPLETE/UNCLEAR: m a ... 2 (verso VII 7: m a bAk 2?); [...] n tA is.t (recto I 1? collated)
Names/Titles: an. (Pr-aA anx wDA snb ; king; recto IV 9; V 1); an. (rwD.w.w ; recto IV 1); an. (nA rmT pA 2r ; recto IV 9; V 1; verso I 1); an. (nA Hwty.w ; recto I 4; III 1 - nA Hwty.w n pA 2r ; IV 11 - Hwty.w , 12 - sim.; verso I 2 - nA Hwty.w pA 2r ; verso IIIa - Hwty.w written Hnty.w ); an. (Hmt.y.w ; recto I ~8#); an. (sm ; recto VIII 5); an. (pA sS wr ; recto I 9; cf. 1r ); an. (pA sS Pr-aA anx wDA snb ; recto V 5; VII 1); an. (nA Sms.w.w n sm ; recto VIII 5); As.t (deity; f.; temple of; recto IIa); Imn (deity; temple of; recto I 10); Imn-Htp (sS ; recto IV 3); Imn-Htp (sS n tmA ; recto VIII 6, 11); anx=f-n-2nsw (sS ; recto IV 2); aHAw.t.y-nfr (kAr.y ; verso VI 9 - or aHA-nfr ?); aHAw.t.y (od ; verso V 1; VI 7); Wsr-xpS (aA n is.t ; verso IIIa - twice, with and without title); BA-n-Ra Mry-Imn (king; chapel of; recto IV 3; written BA-Ra Mry-Imn ); PA-wxd (sAw ; recto VIII 12); PA-Bs (Hr.y-iH.w ; verso I 2); PA-Hr.y (sS ; verso IIa); PA-2r (wHm.w ; recto V 11); PA-2r-Sri (Sms.w n TAty ; recto II 12); PA-sd (sAw ; recto II 3); PAy=w-Hr.y (idn.w n wDA n Pr-aA anx wDA snb ; recto II 1); Pn-6A-wr.t (wHa ; verso VI 6; VII ~8#, 11 - name only); Pn-6A-wr.t (sS-od n pA 2r ; recto VIII 3); Pn-tA-Hw.t-nxt (sS ; recto VIII 11); MAa.t (deity; f.; temple of; recto II 5, 12); Mnw-xa (idn.w n pr As.t ; recto IIa); Mry-4xm.t (sS n TAty ; recto II 10; V 6 - sS ); Nb-Imn (sS ; recto IX 10); Ns-Imn (wbA-nswt ; recto II 7; V 5; VII 1, 3); Ns-Imn (sS ; recto I 5); nswt-bity nb-tA.wy Nfr-kA-Ra 4tp.n-Ra anx wDA snb (recto V ~4#) ; 0r-MAa.t (sS n TAty ; recto II 11); 1A.t-nfr.w (wHa ; verso VII ~3#, 5 - name only, 9, 11); 1apy-aA (recto IX ~2#); 1r (idn.w n tA Hw.t m pr Imn ; recto VIII 2, 11 - idn.w only; IX 2 - sim., 10 - sim.); 1r (sS ; recto IV 8; VI 8; verso I 2, 8; V 10; VII 10, 11); 1r (sS wr pr Imn ; recto I 10? cf. pA sS wr an.); 1r (sS n pA 2r ; recto I ~7#; verso V 5 - sS pA 2r ; VI 1, 12, 15); 1r (sS n tmA ; recto I 7; II 4; IV 6, 8; V 6; verso I 7); 1r-ms (aA n is.t ; recto IV 3); 1r-Sri (sS ; recto II 5); 2a-m-HD.t (sS ; recto VIII 10); 2nsw (idn.w ; recto II 5); 2nsw (verso IIIb); 2nsw-m-Hb (Hr.y-mDAy ; recto IV 8; written 2nsw-Hb ); 4bk-snb (sS ; verso V ~7#? see Remarks); 4d.y (sS n TAty ; recto V 6); 5d-m-dwA.t (wHa ; verso VII 4); On-Hr-xpS=f (sS ; verso IIIa); OnnA sA 1r (sS ; recto II 12); Od-Hr-ix.t=f (verso ~IIa#); Km.t (geo.; recto III 6; verso I 4); 7A-nfr (Hr.y-sS.w-wDh.w n pr Imn ; recto II 9) Incomplete/unclear [...] (sS ; verso ~IIIa#?); [...] (Sad-xt ; verso IIIa); [...] (od ; verso VII 1); A <...> or 7A <...> (verso II 2a: 7A-aA , or TAty ?)
Remarks: Transcription collated in Turin on 4, 5 and 8 May 2000 by B. Haring. Numbers : W. Helck, in: Lexikon der Aegyptologie IV, 738, no. D.b.1 incorrectly has Cat. 1881 + 1917. Caminos and Gardiner (see Publication) refer to verso I-IV as "Turin B". For the present number, see M. Bellion, Égypte ancienne. Catalogue des manuscrits hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques et des dessins, sur papyrus, cuir ou tissu, publiés ou signalés , Paris 1987, 284. Publication: Pleyte-Rossi, Papyrus de Turin , pl. 2 (B) is a partial duplicate of pl. 3 (verso I and IIa). Commentary on text also by Janssen, Village Varia , 9-11. Dates attributed: for date of literary text verso I-IV see Gardiner, Late-Egyptian Miscellanies , xx. Terminology: recto III 1 is possibly the continuation of II 1 (collation). Names, Titles: for 4bk-snb (verso V 7?), see Davies, Who's Who at Deir el-Medina , 121, note 496. The signs following s and b , however, are unclear.

Record last updated 2007-10-02


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